Unleashing Curiosity, Igniting Discovery - The Science Fusion

Study Finds Evidence of Human Use of Leather Clothing 39,000 Years Ago

A recent study conducted by researchers at the University of Bordeaux has provided evidence of early human use of leather clothing in Europe approximately 39,000 years ago. The study analyzed a bone that exhibited indentations, indicating its use as a tool for making holes in leather. This discovery sheds light on the early technologies employed by humans to survive in cold climates.

An Early Technology

Luc Doyon, the lead researcher of the study, explains that clothing is a perishable item, making it challenging to obtain information about its early forms. Therefore, the study of leather clothing provides valuable insights into the technology of our ancestors that has been little understood thus far.

A Bone with Indentations

The bone in question was discovered near Barcelona, Spain, and is believed to have belonged to a large mammal such as a horse or bison. Microscopic analysis of the bone revealed 28 puncture marks, including a sequence of ten holes spaced about 5 millimeters apart, as well as other random holes.

Unusual Pattern

What intrigued the researchers about the indentations on the bone was their distinct pattern, which did not appear to serve any decorative or counting purpose. Typically, deliberate patterns on prehistoric objects are explained by these reasons. However, this pattern seemed different.

Experimental Archaeology

To understand the purpose of the indentations, the researchers employed experimental archaeology. They used various ancient tools to recreate the marks on the bone and discovered that the only way to achieve the same type of indents was by using a chisel-like stone tool called a burin. This tool would create holes in the animal hide through a technique known as indirect percussion, where the tool is struck to pierce the hide.

Manufacturing or Repair of Leather Items

Based on their findings, the researchers propose that the indents on the bone were made during the manufacturing or repair of leather items. By puncturing holes in the animal hide, a thread could be threaded through using a pointed tool to create a tight seam. This indirect evidence for the existence of clothing during the Pleistocene era is significant, as there is a lack of direct evidence from that time period.

Implications for Early Clothing

This discovery is crucial in unraveling the mystery surrounding the emergence of fitted clothing. While evidence of Homo sapiens in Europe dates back approximately 42,000 years, the discovery of eyed needles used for sewing can only be traced back to around 26,000 years ago. These needles would not have been suitable for puncturing thick leather repeatedly, leaving researchers questioning how early humans created well-fitted garments.

Cultural Adaptation and Climate Change

Researchers suggest that the bone, now referred to as the “punch board,” represents a cultural adaptation to climate change that played a crucial role in the expansion of modern humans to new regions. The location and date of the finding align with the arrival of Homo sapiens and rapid climate changes in Southern Europe nearly 40,000 years ago. It is believed that the need for adequate protection against the cold prompted our ancestors to develop effective clothing techniques.

Overall, this study provides valuable insights into the early use of leather clothing by humans, contributing to our understanding of ancient technologies and the adaptation of humans to changing environments.

Share this article
Shareable URL
Prev Post

The Western Arctic Ocean is Acidifying at a Rate Four Times Faster than Other Oceans

Next Post

Man Who Received Pig Kidney Transplant in Brain-Dead State Still Alive After One Month

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Read next
As the vacations close to, we eagerly anticipate spending time with our nearest and dearest. Once we collect…